Pre-Shortzian Constructors

Below are some links to articles about pre-Shortzian constructors.  This page is a work in progress, so if you find an article on a pre-Shortzian constructor that you think should be included here, please contact me.

CATHY ALLIS (aka Cathy Millhauser)

"Get inside the mind of puzzler Cathy Allis," by Tom Keyser.  Times Union, February 18, 2011.

ALVIN ASHBY

"Farmer Uses Spare Time On Puzzles."  The Salt Lake Tribune, December 3, 1937.

"Alvin Ashby Rites Held."  Davis County Clipper, November 21, 1979.  Obituary.

JAMES BARRICK

Web page.

HAROLD T. BERS

"crossword puzzle."  Encyclop√¶dia Britannica.  Article mentions Bers.

"Harold Bers, 47, ad writer, dead."  The New York Times, October 15, 1961.  Obituary.

ALEX F. BLACK

"Crossword-Puzzle Contributor Alex F. Black Dies at 86," by Patricia Sullivan.  The Washington Post, May 22, 2005.  Obituary.

JAMES A. BRUSSEL

"News Notes," The Psychiatric Quarterly, 1962.  Brief biography.

"'Chances are he will be wearing a double-breasted suit.  Buttoned.'  James A. Brussel."  Profiles of Murder, April 7, 2012.

"Dr. James A. Brussel, Criminologist, Is Dead."  The New York Times, October 23, 1982.  Obituary.

EMORY CAIN

"Emory Cain, Worked for Newspapers," by Ray Lynch.  Sun-Sentinel, September 15, 1989.  Obituary.

BETTY JANE COMETA

"Betty Jane Cometa."  Beach Haven Times, November 5, 2015.  Obituary.

WALTER COVELL

"Obituary:  Walter Covell, 91."  The Block Island Times, November 24, 2008.

CHESTER (CHET) CURRIER

"Chester Currier."  Wikipedia.

"Chet Currier:  1945–2007.  Associated Press, Bloomberg News," by Natalie Cooper.  American History of Business Journalism [ABHJ], March 2013.  Obituary.

LOUISE EARNEST

"Warwick Artist's 90th Birthday Retrospective."  Warwick Valley Dispatch, September 14, 2005, p. 10.

HERBERT ETTENSON

"Puzzle Master," by Margo Harakas.  Sun-Sentinel, December 16, 1997.

"H. Ettenson, 84, Edited Puzzles," by Patty Pensa.  Sun-Sentinel, November 18, 2000.  Obituary.

J. A. FELKER

"Josephine Felker, N.Y. Times Crossword Puzzle Composer," by Lydia Martin.  The Miami Herald, August 9, 1991.  Obituary.

ANNE FOX

"ANNE FOX."  The New York Times, December 21, 1983.  Obituary.

BERNICE GORDON

"Bernice Gordon," Wikipedia.

"Construction worker Bernice Gordon, 95, has been coming across with downright nifty crossword puzzles for 60 years," by Peter Mucha.  Philly.com, September 24, 2009.

"Longtime Puzzler (2 words, 13 letters)," by Molly Petrilla.  The Pennsylvania Gazette, November/December 2012.

"Bernice Gordon, Prolific Crossword Constructor, Dies at 101," by Deb Amlen.  Wordplay:  The Crossword Blog of The New York Times, January 29, 2015.  Obituary.

"Bernice Gordon, Who Toyed With Words, Dies at 101," by Margalit Fox.  The New York Times, January 30, 2015.  Obituary.

"Bernice Gordon, Jewish Crossword Maven, Dies at 101," by Benjamin Ivry.  The Jewish Daily Forward, January 30, 2015.  Obituary.

"Bernice Gordon, legendary crossword puzzle writer, dies at 101," by Michael Vitez.  The Philadelphia Inquirer, January 30, 2015.  Obituary.

"Bernice Gordon, doyenne of the crossword puzzle, dies at 101," by Emily Langer.  The Washington Post, January 31, 2015.  Obituary.

"Bernice Gordon, longtime creator of crossword puzzles, dies at 101," by Elaine Woo.  Los Angeles Times, February 3, 2015.  Obituary.

"Remembering Bernice Gordon," by Raymond Simon.  GAMES World of Puzzles, May 2015.

FRANCES HANSEN

"Metuchen crossword creator keeps at it," by Matt Auerbach.  Edison/Metuchen Sentinel, January 7, 2004.

"Frances Hansen Is Dead at 85; Wrote Poetry Across and Down," by Douglas Martin.  The New York Times, July 15, 2004.

KENNETH HAXTON

"Kenneth Haxton:  A Biography," by Noah Hilton.  Mississippi Writers & Musicians, 1998.

"Phone Interview with Kenneth Haxton," by Noah Hilton.  Mississippi Writers & Musicians, 1998.

TERRY HEALY

"Teresa Healy."  The Seattle Times, April 4, 2012.  Obituary.

JAMES E. HINISH JR.

"James Edwin Hinish Jr., 77, longtime legislative assistant on Capitol Hill," by Nicole Trifone.  WYDaily.com, January 6, 2016.  Obituary.

KAREN HODGE (aka Karen Young Bonin)

"Long Hours, Low Pay Are Pieces Of Puzzles," by William Weir.  Hartford Courant, April 28, 1999.

HENRY HOOK

"The Riddler," by Burkhard Bilger.  The New Yorker, March 4, 2002.

"Remembering Henry Hook," by Will Shortz.  Wordplay:  The Crossword Blog of The New York Times.  October 28, 2015.

Puzzle maker Henry Hook dies after a long illness.  The Boston Globe, October 31, 2015. Obituary.

"Crossword blog:  farewell to the irascible Henry Hook," by Alan Connor.  The Guardian, November 2, 2015.

MAURA B. JACOBSON

"An Appreciation:  Thirty-one Down."  New York Magazine, April 24, 2011.

JACK JUMONVILLE

"Andrew J.S. 'Jack' Jumonville."  Legacy.com (originally from TheNewOrleansAdvocate.com, November 12–13, 2013).  Obituary.

VAUGHN KEITH

"Vaughn Phillips Montaigne Keith."  Obituary.

BERT H. KRUSE

"Bertram 'Bert' H. Kruse."  Obituary.

JORDAN S. LASHER

"Crossword Puzzler Bids For 'Hardest'," by Mary Stolberg.  The Pittsburgh Press, July 12, 1978.  [Article mistakenly reports Lasher's first name as "Joseph."]

"Ace Has No Cross Words For Tricky Word Puzzles," by Vince Leonard.  Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 25, 1978.

"Jordan S. Lasher, 48, an Author of Innovative Crossword Puzzles," by J. Michael Elliott.  The New York Times, February 11, 1995.  Obituary.

TANAQUIL LE CLERCQ

Afternoon of a Faun:  Tanaquil Le Clercq.  Documentary.

"Tanaquil Le Clercq."  The Guardian, January 3, 2001.

"Tanaquil LeClercq."  Wikipedia.

EILEEN LEXAU

"Eileen A. (O'Hara) Lexau."  Star Tribune, November 23, 2004.  Obituary.

"Crossword Creator Had Passion for Puzzles:  Remembering Eileen A. Lexau, 77," by Pratik Joshi.  St. Paul Pioneer Press, November 27, 2004.  This article is behind a paywall.

BOB LUBBERS

"Bob Lubbers."  Wikipedia.

WILLIAM LUTWINIAK

Pictured on an NSA bowling team ca. 1947 (third link).

WILLIAM LUTWINIAK, by Robert Farley.  October 18, 1981.  Formerly top-secret but now declassified NSA interview.

NSA cryptanalyst and author of a declassified eulogy of Brigadier John H. Tiltman, 1894–1982, in the Cryptologic Quarterly.

Mentioned in "Puzzle Makers Exchange Cross Words," by Randall Rothenberg.  The New York Times, August 10, 1988.

Mentioned in "When I Die, Bury Me 3 Across and 6 Down," by William Ecenbarger.  Chicago Tribune, September 3, 1989.

Mentioned in "Money Is the Word to Cruciverbalists," by Randall Rothenberg.  The New York Times, September 17, 1990.

"And the Wynner Is . . . William Lutwiniak," by Helene Hovanec.  CROSSW RD Magazine, January/February 1992.

"W. Lutwiniak, Crossword Puzzle Expert, Dies."  The Washington Post, January 27, 1992.  Preview only of an obituary.

"In Memoriam:  William Lutwiniak 1919–1992," by jbn [J. Baxter Newgate].  CROSSW RD Magazine, May/June 1992.  A brief letter to CROSSW RD Magazine appears in the Letters column.

Buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

"William Lutwiniak."  Wikipedia.

JACK LUZZATTO

"Jack Luzzatto," by Robert D. Spurrier.  The Four-Star Puzzler, August 1981.

EUGENE T. MALESKA

"Behind The Times:  A Look at America's Favorite Crossword," by Helene Hovanec.  CROSSW RD Magazine, January/February 1991.

"Death Claims A Puzzle Master," by Dianne Copelon.  Orlando Sentinel, August 5, 1993. Obituary.

DERRICK NIEDERMAN

"Piecing it together:  Local math professor makes crossword puzzles."  The Post and Courier, December 24, 2016.

MARY VIRGINIA ORNA

"Always a Cross(ed) Word," by Mary Virginia Orna.  ACS Symposium Series, Vol. 1153:  A Festival of Chemistry Entertainments, Chap. 4, pp. 53–75.

"Brief Biography of Mary Virginia Orna."  From her personal Web site.

TAP OSBORN

"Pittsburgh Brides Like Modern Silver Designs," by Frances Walker.  Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 12, 1957.

"This T-Shirt is for Crossword Puzzle Freaks."  Associated Press, Ocala Star-Banner, May 17, 1983.

"Stafford Osborn, 70 Executive, puzzle editor."  The Boston Globe, March 19, 1994.  Full text is behind a paywall.

MARJORIE PEDERSEN

"Resolution on the Second Retirement of Marjorie Lamont Pedersen."  Tufts University, May 6, 1991.

"Marjorie Pedersen, at 83; Devised Crossword Puzzles."  The Boston Globe, April 20, 2001.  Obituary.

JUDITH PERRY

"Judith Perry."  The Barre Montpelier Times Argus.  March 4, 2011.  Obituary.

HELEN PETTIGREW

"Helen Lyle Pettigrew (1894–1977)," by Todd Gross.  The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, December 29, 2016.

MERL REAGLE

"West Coast Contemporary:  Merl Reagle," by Helene Hovanec.  CROSSW RD Magazine, September/October 1991 and November/December 1991.

"Seduced by Sudoku," by Colette Bancroft.  Tampa Bay Times, January 2, 2006.

"Friends of crossword great Merl Reagle celebrate his life," by William R. Levesque.  Tampa Bay Times, September 27, 2015.

"The musical life of Merl Reagle," by Cathalena E. Burch, Arizona Daily Star, September 14, 2016.

WARREN W. REICH

"Student, teacher re-establish bond after 50 years," by David Lombardo.  The Daily Gazette, August 10, 2011.

"Warren W. Reich."  Times Union [Albany, N.Y.], December 30, 2015.  Obituary.

CHRISTY RIDLEY

"Christy Ridley."  The Daily News-Journal (Murfreesboro, Tenn.), January 10, 2015.  Obituary.

HERBERT L. RISTEEN

"Baraboo crossword man enjoys life on the square," by Vivian Hone.  The Milwaukee Journal, December 26, 1973.

MEL ROSEN

"Interview with Mel Rosen," by C. C. Burnikel.  L.A. Times Crossword Corner, April 10, 2010.

RANDOLPH ROSS

"Let's Talk About Randolph Ross," by Jim Horne.  Wordplay:  The crossword column of The New York Times, August 15, 2009.

LOU SABIN

"The Puzzling Pastime of Creating Crosswords," by John Saccenti.  East Brunswick Patch, September 15, 2011.

JOHN SAMSON

"'I Could Do This Indefinitely':  John Samson," by Helene Hovanec.  CROSSW RD Magazine, September/October 1994.

A. J. SANTORA

"A. J. Santora 1919–2005:  Dean of American Crossword Puzzle Constructors," by Dave Fisher.  About.com.

ARTHUR SCHULMAN

"Retired U.Va. Professor Still Building, Solving Puzzles," by Matt Kelly.  UVAToday, February 8, 2010.

NANCY SCHUSTER

"Dell's Champion Editor:  Nancy Schuster," by Helene Hovanec.  CROSSW RD Magazine, July/August 1991.

DIANA SESSIONS

"Crossword 'Villain' Is Anniston Mother," by Lauren Smith.  The Anniston Star, February 4, 1968.

"She charts future for friends," by Natalie Traylor.  The Anniston Star, December 29, 1974.


MIKE SHENK

"An enigmatic career:  Math alum is Wall Street Journal's puzzle guru," by Carley Mossbrook.  Penn State News, December 27, 2014.

DOROTHEA E. SHIPP

"Dorothea Elisabeth Shipp."  The News Virginian, August 20, 2009.  Obituary.

WILL SHORTZ

"Renaissance Man:  Will Shortz," by Helene Hovanec.  CROSSW RD Magazine, May/June 1992.

GEORGE ROSE SMITH

"George Rose Smith."  Findagrave.com.

"Sculpture Vulture:  George Rose Smith."  Litte Rock Culture Vulture, May 13, 2012.

IRENE SMULLYAN

Weeper, Laugh!, by Irene Smullyan Sloan.  iUniverse, 2005.  Poetry by the author.

JAY SPRY

"Times crossword puzzle creator dies."  The Lewiston Journal, March 9, 1989.  Obituary.

NORMA STEINBERG

"Who Creates the Newsday Crossword?," by Stan Newman.  Stan Newman's Crossword Land.

MAURICE J. TEITELBAUM

"Dr Maurice Joel Teitelbaum."  Findagrave.com (originally from The Star-Ledger [New Jersey], November 21, 2007).  Obituary.

ERNST THEIMER

"Ernst Theimer, Chemist, 83; Studied Scents," by Richard D. Lyons.  The New York Times, July 7, 1994.  Obituary.

JUDSON G. TRENT

"Judson Trent."  The Washington Post, October 19, 1989.  Obituary.

THOMAS W. UNDERHILL

"Thomas Westlake Underhill '45."  Princeton Alumni Weekly, April 7, 2004.  Obituary.

ARTHUR S. VERDESCA

"M.D. Puzzle Master Dispenses Mind-Bending Relief," by Peter Wortsman.  The College of Physicians & Surgeons of Columbia University, Winter 2001, p. 47.

WILL WENG

"And the Wynners Are . . . Weng, Hook, Cox, Rathvon, Shenk, Pomerance, and Joline," by Helene Hovanec.  CROSSW RD Magazine, March/April 1991.

MARY CEE WHITTEN

"Crossword constructors:  Who makes up these mind-teasers?," by James Ricci.  The Evening Independent, February 5, 1985.

STANLEY B. WHITTEN

"Stanley B. and Rose M. Whitten," U.S. Tax Court, 1995.

JOY L. WOUK

"Joy Lattman Wouk."  The New York Times, October 2, 2008.  Obituary.

VARIOUS

"An Evolution Spawned A Complex Art Form," by Ellen Goldensohn.  The Palm Beach Post, December 15, 1981.  Excerpt from a September 1981 article in Attenzione magazine.

"Crossword Constructors," by Richard Chin.  St. Paul Pioneer Press, December 26, 2002.  This article is behind a paywall.

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